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  • Diversitech Team

Hand Pliers: Types, Parts, and Application (A Comprehensive Guide with Pictures)

Hand Pliers - Types, Parts, and Application

There is no doubt that hand tools are a staple in any handyman's or woman's tool box. And one of the most versatile and important hand tools is the pliers. Pliers come in all shapes and sizes, with many different specific purposes. But, at their core, all pliers do the same job: they provide a grip for holding something in place.

There are a few different types of pliers that you're likely to encounter. The most common type is the adjustable pliers, which include slip-joint pliers and locking pliers. Diagonal pliers are specifically designed for wire-cutting, while nail puller pliers are perfect for removing nails from wood. There are also hobby pliers and automotive pliers, which are each designed for their own unique purposes.

Pliers come in all shapes and sizes, with each type serving a specific purpose. In this comprehensive guide, we will take a look at the different types of pliers, their parts, and their applications.

What are Pliers?

Pliers are a type of hand tool that provide a grip for holding something in place. They come in all shapes and sizes, with each type serving a specific purpose. They can be general-purpose tools or have a specialist design, for specific tasks. Pliers are commonly used for bending and cutting wire, as well as gripping and pulling nails.

The word "pliers" is derived from the French word "pincers," which means "to pinch." Pliers have two jaws, with each jaw having a serrated or toothed grip. This grip allows pliers to firmly grasp objects of different shapes and sizes.

Anatomy of a Plier (Parts)

Pliers are comprised of only a few components, but each component has essential responsibilities. No set of pliers could accomplish its primary function without these characteristics.

Anatomy and Parts of a Plier

The jaws (or nose) is the part of the pliers that do the gripping. Combination pliers have both jaws and pipe grips and/or cutters.

The fulcrum, or pivot point, of the pliers, is where the jaws and handles connect. This area also generates the power needed for the jaws to work properly.

The Pipe Grip is an oval or round-shaped opening in the jaw designed to grip pipes and other circular items.

Handles: The part of the pliers you hold. They can be curved or straight, and their surface can usually be plastic-coated or even bare metal.

Some pliers are intended to cut wire and metal. The cutters are typically near the fulcrum.

Types of Pliers And Their Uses

1. Slip Joint Pliers

Slip Joint Plier

Slip joint pliers are the types of pliers whose fulcrum can be easily moved. Here, the size range of the jaws is easily increased due to the movable fulcrum. The key feature, though, is the so-called slip joint. The fulcrum, or pivot point, of these pliers, is adjustable.

  • The size range of the jaws is easily increased due to the movable fulcrum.

  • They’re often used in plumbing applications and can do a lot of the duties that a wrench can do.

2. Tongue and Groove Pliers

Tongue and Groove Pliers

Tongue and groove pliers are another type of slip-joint pliers. They are also termed water pump pliers or channel locks. For more leverage, their handles are very long. The size of the handles of the Tongue and groove pliers is around 9.5 to 12 inches.

  • Tongue and groove pliers are used for turning and holding the nuts as well as bolts.

  • They are widely used for gripping irregular shaped objects and for a wide variety of plumbing tasks

3. Diagonal Pliers

Diagonal Pliers

Diagonal pliers are also known as diagonal cutters, side-cutting pliers, or side-cutting pliers. Their primary function is to cut any type of wire. The job of the diagonal pliers is similar to that of a basic pair of scissors, but they separate the wire by indenting and wedging it apart instead.

  • Diagonal pliers are used for cutting copper, brass, iron, steel, and aluminum wire.

  • For cutting the wires of the tempered steel then, you require very high-quality diagonal pliers. Piano wires can be cut with the help of high-quality diagonal pliers.

4. Needle-nose Pliers

Needle-nose Pliers

Needle nose pliers are primarily used by jewelry designers and artisans for applications that require precision handling. They have a long, narrow shape and are thus more commonly known as long-nose pliers. They may also be referred to as pointy-nose or snipe-nose pliers.

  • They are the pliers that are used for cutting as well as holding applications

  • Can be used in recessed areas where we cannot reach using other types of pliers

5. Bent Nose Pliers

Bent Nose Pliers

Bent nose pliers have a nose that is bent at an angle, as the name implies. The role of the bent nose pliers is similar to that of needle-nose pliers, except they have a bend in their noses to some angle usually 45 degrees. We can easily identify the bent nose pliers by looking at their curved beaks.

  • They are used in jewelry applications and in the field where we can’t use the needle-nose pliers

  • Used to easily access awkward or angled positions

6. Round Nose Pliers

Round Nose Pliers

They have other names like rosary pliers and chain nose pliers. Round nose pliers can be easily noticed after seeing their rounded and tapered noses. They have the spring fitted at their joint. This spring allows easy opening and closing of the pliers.

  • Round nose pliers come in a variety of shapes and sizes, depending on the job.

  • The plier's small, delicate nose makes them ideal for creating tiny accessories like bail rings, toggle clasps and jump rings.

7. Locking Pliers

Locking Pliers

They are a very special type of pliers and are also called Vise-Grips or Mole Grips. In locking pliers, an over-center toggle action is used to lock into position so jaws are kept on the gripped object. They have a wide range of applications in the manufacturing as well as in design industries.

  • They can be used for generating more force as their lever action is way stronger than other types of pliers.

  • A very common application of the locking pliers is found while holding the metal parts or pipes without squeezing them.

  • Locking pliers are also used for gripping rounded nuts or bolt

8. Sheet Metal Pliers

Sheet Metal Pliers

These pliers have wide and rectangular jaws and are used in industries where we have to deal with sheet metal. The rectangular jaws of sheet metal pliers are distinct. These jaws are flexible and can be used to bend sheet metal and create seams.

  • Sheet metal pliers are an essential tool for anyone working with sheet metal. They can be used to bend, cut, and shape sheet metal into the desired form.

  • By allowing for more manual force to be applied, sheet metal pliers can do the work of a more expensive power tool

9. Canvas Pliers

Canvas Pliers

They are also termed canvas stretching pliers and are often used by artists as they allow a single person to do something that usually will take two. Their jaws usually are padded to avoid damage to the surface of the canvas while you’re stretching it onto a frame.

  • Canvas pliers ensure a good grip on the material and an even application of pressure.

  • The extra surface area in the gripping face provides better traction when pulling the canvas

10. Crimping Pliers

Crimping Pliers

Crimping pliers are also known as crimping tools. Their objective is to crimp metal parts.

When you crimp a wire or other connection, you essentially crush or otherwise deform the two pieces being joined together so that they’re rendered inseparable.

  • Crimping pliers offer multiple slots in their jaws to accommodate different gauges of wire

  • Crimping pliers are used in the field of computer networking or quick electrical connections for audio, alarm, or power supply applications

11. Bail Making Pliers

Bail Making Pliers

The jaws of the bail-making pliers consist of two cylindrical rods where one rod is slightly larger than the other. Primarily used in making jewelry, the wire is wrapped around their jaws to form ear wires, clasps, and many other loop components.

  • Bail-making pliers are used to make delicate things like jewelry and other precious things.

12. Battery Pliers

Battery Pliers

Primarily used in automotive applications for maintaining cars the bolts found on jumper cables and car batteries, these kinds of pliers have angled, short jaws. The lower jaw is somewhat smaller, and the jaws are also thicker to ensure they are sturdy.

  • Battery pliers are used in the automobile industry for maintaining the bolts on the battery.

  • They are used for both top-post and side-post battery terminals.

13. Brake Spring Pliers

Brake Spring Pliers

The brake spring pliers allow mechanics to handle the springs located inside drum brakes.

The brake spring pliers' jaws are quite distinctive — one is rounded, while the other is curved. One jaw is used to remove the spring, while the other is used to put it in.

  • Brake spring pliers are mainly used in the automotive industry.

  • They can be also used in applications where we have to deal with removal as well as insertion of springs.

14. Combination Pliers

Combination Pliers

Combination pliers are the most common pliers found in the household and are multi-purpose tools with three sections in their jaws. From their tip, there’s a serrated surface for gripping. Behind that, there’s a round serrated section that makes gripping thick round items like tubes much easier. They are universally used for many daily applications.

  • Combination pliers are used for cutting, gripping, twisting, and bending.

  • Their jaws have a rough surface which is perfect for removing stuck nuts or bolts

15. Eyelet Pliers

Eyelet Pliers

Eyelet pliers are a special type of pliers which are mainly used in the clothing industry. Its main purpose is for the addition of laces and drawstrings into the cloth. They have a ring and an elongated hub that have to be crimped down.

  • The newest type of eyelet pliers has dies that can be easily interchanged.

  • The hole for the button on the shirts as well as on the jackets is made with the help of eyelet pliers.

16. Grommet Pliers

Grommet Pliers

Grommet pliers do the quite same function as that of eyelet pliers but grommets are much more heavy-duty when compared with eyelets, which makes these pliers perfect for those crafts that involve sturdy materials eg. creating holes in materials such as tarp,

  • Grommet pliers can be used for complex and heavy-duty applications.

  • For making holes in hard materials, grommet pliers are highly used

17. Hose Clamp Pliers

Hose Grip Pliers

These are also called hose, radiator hose, and spring clamp pliers for the automotive industry. This type of plier is made for compressing spring and hose clamps to make connections tighter. Because of this, they come in many designs. The models that are best known have peg-shaped teeth on each of the jaws, and these are used for pinching the clamp. Some of the models also may be used right on a hose.

  • They offer the ability to hold different types of hose clamps (the most common being flat or ring clamps) and allow you to access the clamps at various angles.

18. Snap Ring Pliers

Snap Ring Pliers

These are also called retaining ring pliers, lock ring pliers, circlip pliers, and C-clip pliers.

This type of plier has round, short jaws to help with closing a snap ring these types of rings are loops with open ends that fit into round objects such as dowels. Once it’s closed, it’s possible for the ring to freely rotate, but they can’t slide sideways.

  • They’re commonly used for gears on vehicles such as mountain bikes

  • They offer jaws that can reach down into the often tight space where these snap rings rest

19. Chain Nose Pliers

Chain Nose Pliers

Chain nose pliers are very similar to bail-making pliers in design, construction, and use.

The main difference is that chain nose pliers have a flat gripping surface. This surface is smooth, not textured or serrated, allowing for use on the softer metals and wires

  • The design of the jaw allows for shaping, bending, and crimping wire and in jewelry making

  • Their tips are helpful in opening or closing jump rings and bead tips

20. Fencing Pliers

Fencing Pliers

Fencing pliers are intended for wire fencings, like barbed wire, chicken wire, hog wire, etc. This resembles a hammer with two handles when you look down on them from above. The fulcrum has notches which let you cut different gauged wires while the left jaw’s side has the hammer surface to drive in staples.

  • The right jaw’s claw is for removing the staples, and the jaws contain a rounded grip hole and a gripping surface

21. Flat Nose Pliers

Flat Nose Pliers

Duckbill pliers are another name for these. Their jaws are flat and tapered, and they're used for twisting metal as well as wires and leads. These particular models come with long or short noses, to accommodate different needs.

  • They’re also good for straightening out kinks or twists

  • Commonly used in model making and other hobby and craft applications

22. Hose Grip Pliers

Hose Grip Pliers

These specialty pliers, known as grabber pliers, are designed to help you easily get hoses out of or into tight spaces. Just grip the hose and twist it off or on. They're designed to protect the hose from harm, with grabbers jaws and a form that prevents it from being damaged. They're employed for things like petrol lines, heater hoses, and vacuum hoses.

  • They work great for spark plugs, clamps, and a lot of other little items

  • Plumbers use hose grip pliers in many applications related to plumbing with tubing

23. Linesman Pliers

Linesman Pliers

Linemen’s pliers are specialist combination pliers; made for heavy-duty work and with specially insulated handles, for safety around live electrics. This is because a lineman works with power lines or communication cables outdoors.

  • Lineman’s pliers are mostly used in outdoor electrical applications

  • They are used for bending, cutting, and straightening the wire much like combination pliers

24. Nail Puller Pliers

Nail Puller Pliers

Their pincer construction is designed to get as close to the surface of the nail as possible before clamping down on it. These specialized pliers are essential for anyone who wants to be able to quickly and easily remove nails. This is a brute-force tool that’ll leave a mark, making it inappropriate if you’re concerned about surface scratches or other damage.

  • Nail puller pliers can be used for removing the staples.

  • Carpenters or people interested in woodworking use this type of plier

25. Oil Filter Pliers

Oil Filter Pliers

Their toothed jaws are C-shaped, and one is a lot longer than its mate. They’re used to remove casings on oil filters in vehicles. The jaws of the oil filter pliers are long and curved, designed to fit snugly around the barrel of an oil filter.

  • Oil filter pliers are used in the automobile industry.

  • Secondly, they are used for the removal of the oil filter casings

26. Piston Ring Pliers

Piston Ring Pliers

There are two distinct varieties of these pliers, and they're both used for removing and replacing piston rings in engines. The first type has curved jaws on its jaws that can be used to spread piston rings for easy removal. The other type's jaws are much larger, supported by a few braces that also reduce the risk of warping.

  • Only used in the automobile industries and in the field where engines are present.

  • Providing a seal between the piston and cylinder wall

27. Push Pin Pliers

Push Pin Pliers

Push Pin Pliers are used for the removal of plastic push pins with jaw tips that are wedge-shaped. This allows them to get beneath plastic anchors’ pin caps. When the pliers are squeezed, it pops a push pin out, which allows the anchors to be safely removed.

  • Used in automotive work, along with other types of industries where these anchors are used

  • Also used in the processes where pin-style anchors are dominantly used

28. Running Pliers

Running Pliers