Product Safety and Compliance Certifications for Retailers: A Step-by-Step Guide
Updated: Dec 8, 2022
Product safety and compliance certifications are important for retailers. In order to sell products, retailers need to ensure that their items meet certain safety and compliance standards. This can be done by obtaining certification from a reputable organization.
By following this step-by-step guide, you can ensure that your products meet all the necessary standards and obtain the certifications required to sell them. Doing so will help protect both your customers and your business.
An Overview of Product and Customer Safety
Although it is not mandatory, there are several benefits to acquiring, for example, North American product safety certification marks, such as the well-known UL, ETL, and CSA. Those who wish to sell their products should therefore consider these.
Please be aware that few distributors, retailers, or customers will want to advertise or sell products that don't have compliance marks. These symbols are assurance for the manufacturer, distributor, and retailer against any potential liability claims.
Ultimately, safety should be the top priority for anyone working with or around certification organizations. Strict testing and compliance methodologies help to keep industry standards high and protect consumers from potential harm. Proper checks and balances need to be in place to ensure that everyone remains safe.
Steps To Product Safety Compliance
Step 1: Identify the Products That Need Certification
The first step is to identify the products that you are selling and determine which certifications they require. Different types of products have different certification requirements. For example, toys must meet safety standards determined by the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), while electronics must comply with standards set by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). In addition, there may be additional requirements for certain types of products, such as medical devices or hazardous materials.
Step 2: Research and Select a Certification Organization
Once you have identified which certifications are necessary for your products, it is time to research and select a certification organization. There are a variety of organizations that offer certification services. It is important to select one that is reputable, reliable, and meets all of your product's requirements. You can research these organizations online or consult with industry experts for advice on which organization to use.
Step 3: Submit an Application
After selecting the appropriate certification organization, you will need to complete an application. This will require providing detailed information on the products you are selling, as well as any additional requirements that must be met. Once your application is submitted, it usually takes several weeks to be approved.
Step 4: Prepare for the Certification Process
Once your application is approved, it is time to get ready for the certification process. This will likely involve an on-site inspection of your facility, as well as tests of the products you are selling. It is important to make sure that all safety and compliance requirements have been met prior to the inspection.
Step 5: Receive Certification
Once you have passed all of the necessary tests and inspections, you will receive your certification. This indicates that your products have met all necessary safety and compliance standards. You should store the certificate in a safe place and make sure to keep updated records of the certifications for future reference.
What Supporting Documents Are Required For Compliance Testing And Certification
Before a product is released to the public, the company has various forms and documents that it needs in order to be approved by safety compliance. This paperwork establishes an agreement between both parties that they will uphold regulations surrounding the safety compliance mark.
Authorized certification representatives and laboratories use these documents to compare what is currently being used or deployed during the manufacturing and assembly process against what was already submitted and certified.
Different certification bodies require different types and levels of product documentation from retailers and manufacturers depending on the products and certifications required.
The three very prominent organizations for North American product safety and compliance certifications, UL, ETL, and CSA focus on the evaluation of Electrical/Electronic Safety, Functional and critical elements inclusive of the environment in which they are intended to operate have a very detailed documentation requirement. Some are listed below:
Bills of Material (BOM) Electrical, Electronic, and Electromechanical components
Support documents for components:
Schematics (Electrical and electronic)
Printed Circuit Board (PCB):
Printed Circuit Board Assembly (PCBA)
Wiring and connectors
Mechanical and electromechanical assembly
Manufacturing testing procedures, Hi-Pot Electrical, and other dielectric strength tests.
Safely and potentially hazardous ratings for electric shock and flammability typically related to markings
User guides and Instruction manuals for the product.
7 Product Safety Certifications and What they mean For Your Business
The Conformitè Europëenne or European Conformity (CE) mark is a label found on most electronic and electrical products. Manufacturers must have the CE mark on their products in order to trade within the European Union. The presence of this mark means that these producers have assessed and confirmed that their product is safe for both people and nature.
Since the CE mark is self-declared, it falls on manufacturers to test and assess their products for safety. It's ultimately up to them to declare if their products are non-hazardous.
Products with the UL mark have gone through testing and have been approved by Underwriters Laboratories. As one of the organizations that OSHA approves to test manufacturers' products, UL's approval is necessary for many items on the US market.
The UL mark is a symbol of safety that can be seen on products such as appliances, electronics, construction materials, plastics, and more.
CSA is an OSHA-approved organization that offers product certification. Even though manufacturers are not required to put a CSA mark on their products, they need the certification for their products to be distributed commercially. The CSA mark is a safety label that helps to ensure electrical and electromagnetic compatibility.
The purpose of the RoHS directive is to improve electronic waste management and reduce harmful substances in electrical and electronic products, such as those we use every day in our homes or at work. This includes things like networking devices, medical equipment, lights, and other electronics.
This label means that the product is safe from harmful substances such as Lead, Mercury, and others. This directive does not apply to essential products that cannot be manufactured without using the listed substances, including batteries, medical devices, and specialist equipment.
WEEE compliance is mandatory in most international markets. Practicing and offering proper electrical and electronic waste management to the end users is what WEEE compliance would indicate. Producers are also required to report on their annual waste disposal efforts.
Any device that emits radio frequency waves must have the FCC mark, such as cell phones, Bluetooth headsets, and wifi routers.
The FCC mark is a mandatory label enforced by the Federal Communications Commission. Products with the FCC mark mean that the product has regulated limits of ionizing radiation, ensuring safety from that standpoint - it does not mean it is necessarily safe or durable in other ways.
This is typically used and intended for individual electrical/electronic components or sub-assemblies that are part of larger products or systems. These products or systems are installed only during the manufacturing process.
UL outlines the conditions and testing criteria that components must meet to be used in products. In some cases, UL relies on manufacturers to test components according to safety guidelines set by UL.
How Can Manufacturers Obtain Product Safety Certifications More Effectively
1. Manufacturers must first know which compliance certification is suitable for them and their products. There are many different types of compliance certifications, and each one has specific requirements that must be met to obtain them.
By knowing which certification is right for you, you can save time and money while also ensuring that your products are safe for consumers to use.
2. When researching the different certifications, you should look at how long it takes to obtain the certification, what documents are required for submission, and what fees will be involved.
When making this critical choice, it's just as important to think about distributors, retailers, and consumers. They all have an understanding of the different elements in their own countries and markets where they want to sell and buy your products.
Once you have all this information in hand, you can make an informed decision about which certification is best for you.
How To Streamline The Product Safety Certification Process
Products with multiple configurations and multiple components that may be classified as hazardous from a safety perspective make it complicated to certify the product's safety for consumer purchase.
By closely collaborating with manufacturers, they can assist in this arduous process by pinpointing possible testing and certification configurations.
Use these tips to obtain your product safety approval more quickly and effectively:
Work with reputable manufacturers such as Diversitch Global which has the experience and expertise to help you through every step of regulatory compliance.
Ensure that the product meets all certification standards from the beginning of its development.
Choose the appropriate certification. Consider having input from the manufacturer in the product design and development
Final Words on Product Safety Compliance and Certifications
Obtaining product safety certifications can be a long and arduous process, but with the right information and support, it can be done more effectively while also ensuring that your products are safe and compliant.
By understanding the different certifications available to you and your products, you can make sure that you are investing in the correct compliance certification for your business. This will allow them to be sold in markets where those certifications are required or desired, thus expanding your potential customer base.